VIDEO: The Saffir-Simpson Scale And What To Expect From Major Hurricane Matthew
By Space Coast Daily // October 6, 2016
2 modern day storms reached cat 3 in brevard
ABOVE VIDEO: Conceptual animation illustrates the wind damage associated with increasing hurricane intensity – courtesy of The COMET Program and the NOAA National Hurricane Center.
BREVARD COUNTY, FLORIDA (NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER) – The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane’s sustained wind speed. This scale estimates potential property damage.
Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. Category 1 and 2 storms are still dangerous, however, and require preventative measures. In the western North Pacific, the term “super typhoon” is used for tropical cyclones with sustained winds exceeding 150 mph.
It is important to note that in modern history only two storms, category 3 or higher, have ever impacted Brevard County. Both occurred in 2004.
Hurricane Jean, a category 3 storm made landfall at southern end of Hutchinson Island just east of Stuart, Florida and impacted Brevard County with 120.8 mph winds at its peak.
Category 4 Hurricane Charley came ashore on the west coast near Punta Gorda, FL and impacted Brevard County at it’s peak with winds almost 100 mph.
There were four other category 3 or higher storms to impact the Space Coast but they occurred in 1833, 1873 and twice in 1893.
CLICK HERE TO SEE THE HISTORY MAP
|Category||Sustained Winds||Types of Damage Due to Hurricane Winds|
|Very dangerous winds will produce some damage: Well-constructed frame homes could have damage to roof, shingles, vinyl siding and gutters. Large branches of trees will snap and shallowly rooted trees may be toppled. Extensive damage to power lines and poles likely will result in power outages that could last a few to several days.|
|Extremely dangerous winds will cause extensive damage: Well-constructed frame homes could sustain major roof and siding damage. Many shallowly rooted trees will be snapped or uprooted and block numerous roads. Near-total power loss is expected with outages that could last from several days to weeks.|
|Devastating damage will occur: Well-built framed homes may incur major damage or removal of roof decking and gable ends. Many trees will be snapped or uprooted, blocking numerous roads. Electricity and water will be unavailable for several days to weeks after the storm passes.|
|Catastrophic damage will occur: Well-built framed homes can sustain severe damage with loss of most of the roof structure and/or some exterior walls. Most trees will be snapped or uprooted and power poles downed. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months.|
|157 mph or higher
137 kt or higher
252 km/h or higher
|Catastrophic damage will occur: A high percentage of framed homes will be destroyed, with total roof failure and wall collapse. Fallen trees and power poles will isolate residential areas. Power outages will last for weeks to possibly months. Most of the area will be uninhabitable for weeks or months.|
CLICK HERE FOR CONTINUING COVERAGE ON MAJOR HURRICANE MATTHEW