NASA Distributes $6.6 Million to Numerous Minority-Serving Institutions for Ocean Research
By NASA // June 22, 2021
nasa & space news
(NASA) – NASA’s Minority University Research and Education Project Ocean Biology and Biogeochemistry, or OCEAN, has awarded cooperative agreements to 10 universities for projects that will support NASA’s Science Mission Directorate in seeking a better understanding of the ocean’s role in the Earth system.
More than $6.6 million will be distributed to these institutions over the course of a three-year period of performance.
The recipient institutions and their proposed projects are:
Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton
Improving the Coastal Carbon Budget: Is Sediment-Derived CDOM (Colored Dissolved Organic Matter) a Significant Portion of CDOM in Coastal Areas?
This proposal aims to quantify the contribution of organic carbon from different sources as potentially significant components of regional carbon budgets in the Gulf of Mexico’s hypoxia region off the coasts of Texas and Louisiana.
Northwest Indian College Foundation, Bellingham, Washington
Integrating Systems Models and Remote Sensing to Explore Aquatic Ecosystem Vulnerability to Global Change in Lake Huron
The project proposes to demonstrate that the California Harmful Algae Risk Mapping (C-HARM) model, currently used to forecast the toxigenic phytoplankton and domoic acid events in the southern and central California Current System, can predict harmful algal conditions for the Pacific Northwest.
Texas State University, San Marcos
Extending the California Harmful Algae Risk Mapping (C-HARM) domoic acid model to the Pacific Northwest
This multi-institutional project will combine remote sensing data products with landscape hydrology and wetland ecosystem models to assess changes in aquatic ecosystems around Lake Huron in response to pressures of nutrient loading, invasive vegetation, and water level changes over a 30-year period.
University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez
Remote Sensing of Sargassum Accumulation and Impacts on Tropical Marine Ecosystems: A Multi-Scale Approach
The proposed research focuses on the impacts of Sargassum blooms on fringing red mangroves and benthic habitats, specifically coral reefs and seagrass beds, along Puerto Rico’s coastline on seasonal and multi-year timescales.
University of Alaska, Fairbanks
Enhancing Ocean Color Remote Sensing Tools to Better Constrain Fisheries Forecasting Models in a Critical Subarctic System
This project aims to integrate shipboard observations with ocean color remote sensing data to analyze the climate-driven variability at the base of the marine food chain and the potential impacts of these changes in groundfish and salmon stocks.
University of California, Irvine
Linking Genomic and Remote Sensing Observations to Quantify the Physiological Nutrient Stress Dynamics in Ocean Ecosystems
The proposers have developed a novel metagenomic method of detecting the type and severity of nutrient stress in different ocean regions. Using this approach, they will attempt to link genomic nutrient stress biomarkers with a to-be-developed diagnostic satellite remote sensing data tool that will indicate regional phytoplankton physiological status and community composition.
University of California, Merced
Wildfire Impacts on Watershed Transport of Carbon to Coasts
This project aims to quantify how wildfires alter particulate organic carbon and sediment fluxes to the California coast, and how these fluxes impact coastal kelp forest distributions and productivity along with the California Current system for the 2000-2020 study period.
University of Hawaii Systems, Hilo
Quantifying Vulnerability to Sea Level Rise Across Multiple Coastal Typologies
The proposal seeks to address the impact of climate change, particularly sea-level rise, and coastal inundation, on land/ocean interfaces and nearshore ecosystems such as corals and reefs.
The project uses the big island of Hawaii as a case study regarding how the vulnerability of nearshore aquatic, intertidal, and coastal ecosystems will accelerate when sea-level rise exceeds a critical elevation point.
University of Massachusetts, Boston
Using Hyperspectral Imagery to Assess the Effects of Warming on New England Kelp Forests
The proposed project is focused on the investigation of the effects of global warming on the kelp forest off the coast of New England using a combination of hyper- and multi-spectral imagery, divers’ observations, bathymetric data, and climate models to forecast kelp abundance.
University of the Virgin Islands, Charlotte Amalie
Climate Change and the Effects of Golden Tides on Caribbean Coastal Sustainability – Multiscale Predictions for an Emerging Bio complex Problem
The proposed study aims to measure the impacts of golden tides on coastal habitats and biodiversity around the US Virgin Islands and determine the released nutrients from its decomposition.
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