Types of Wood For Furniture
By Space Coast Daily // April 22, 2022
Solid wood, which includes both hardwoods and softwoods, and manufactured wood, which is an engineered material that is typically a composite of genuine wood and synthetic components, are the two main categories of wood products.
Solid wood for furniture-making
Solid wood is derived only from lumber and is thus a direct product of a tree. Hardwood and softwood are the two varieties of actual wood used in furniture production.
Hardwood has a higher density than softwood. Hardwood lumber is derived from deciduous trees, which develop at a slower rate. As you may have seen, the wood kinds most commonly found in high-quality wooden restaurant furniture for less are all members of the hardwood family.
Softwood, which is less dense than hardwood, is typically derived from coniferous (or evergreen) trees that develop more swiftly.
Engineered wood furniture
Although they aren’t solid woods, engineered or manufactured woods contain various types of wood and are also used in wood furniture making.
Types of manufactured wood:
Plywood: Considered the original engineered wood, it is manufactured by joining 3-5 slices of thin lumber with adhesive.
Particleboard: Also known as fiberboard, particleboard is created by breaking down hardwood into tiny fibers and bonding them together with adhesive using a wood-chipper.
Best woods for furniture
Below are some of the finest woods used in furniture-making. You may notice that all of these woods belong to the hardwood family.
Furniture Made with Maple Wood
Maple has the potential to be the ideal furniture wood. While there are many distinct types of maple, almost all of them are extremely durable and make beautiful furniture. It lasts a long time. Because maple is inherently non-toxic, it is frequently used to produce kitchen cutting boards. Depending on the type of maple you want, you can choose from a variety of grain patterns.
Furniture Made with Mahogany Wood
Mahogany is a gorgeous wood and one of the most traditional timbers used in furniture building. It’s lighter in weight than some of the other woods here, yet it’s as strong as oak. Although we think of mahogany as a reddish-brown tint, there are lighter shades of the wood. Genuine mahogany is derived from Latin America and is becoming increasingly scarce. It can be costly.
Furniture Made with Oak Wood
Oak is a tough wood that is commonly used for flooring and kitchen furnishings. It’s lovely, but it can become yellow over time. Red oak, on the other hand, is slightly darker and more porous. It also has a lovely appearance and is reasonably priced. Oak is a fantastic wood for furniture.
Furniture Made with Cherry Wood
One of the most intriguing aspects of cherry wood is that it darkens with age, giving it a really rich appearance as it ages. The color is what most people prefer about cherry, but there are other reasons to like it as well. Because cherry is quite firm, it is resistant to scratches and dents. It is non-toxic and has an even grain.
Furniture Made with Pine Wood
Knotty pine is commonly seen in rustic cabins and the like. As a result, we automatically think that pine is a good wood for furniture. On the contrary, in fact. Pine is a softwood that splinters easily. It is, nevertheless, reasonably priced.
Furniture Made with Cedar Wood
Because cedar is a relatively softwood, it is not suitable for indoor furniture. However, it’s a wonderful choice for outdoor furniture. Cedar is naturally resistant to the elements. Closets are commonly made with cedar because their aromatic quality repels bugs.
Wood Furniture Making
After discussing the many wood varieties used in furniture, let’s move on to the techniques used by furniture manufacturers to create wood furniture, including the numerous tradeoffs between manufactured, hand-made, custom, and bench-made wood furniture.
The dominance of technology during the twentieth century enabled various commodities, including furniture, to be mass-produced. This was accomplished through an assembly-line approach in which several stages of the wood furniture-making process occurred at different times. For example, when making a table, the legs would all be created in the same location. Finally, the benefits of this procedure were that good furniture, which was previously solely available to the wealthy, was now available to the majority of homes.
What is the reason behind the high cost of solid wood furniture?
A variety of things influence the pricing of that solid wood furniture you’ve had your eye on. Consider supply and demand. Because the greatest solid wood furniture is made of hardwood, it grows slowly, limiting availability and raising prices. Furthermore, solid wood furniture may be more difficult to mass-produce because each portion of a solid wood piece must be cut to a specification, whereas manufactured wood may be easier to build these modular pieces.
What is the best type of wood for furniture?
Hardwoods are the greatest wood to use for furniture. Hardwood furniture, which is becoming increasingly difficult to buy, has a mix of beauty and durability that no softwood or manufactured wood can equal. While softwoods can be lovely, they aren’t nearly as long lasting as hardwoods. On the other hand, while many engineered kinds of wood are quite durable, the natural character and beauty of hardwood cannot currently be replicated by modern procedures.
On the market, various types of wood for furniture (both hardwood and softwood) are accessible. Each kind has distinct qualities in terms of color, density, grain, and finishing.
Choosing the proper wood for furniture is important because it helps you calculate the exact pricing of your unit. It will also play a role in selecting whether to refurbish, resell, or discard a piece of furniture.