Functioning of Electronic Components

By  //  December 3, 2022

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Electronic devices have permeated every aspect of our life. They have improved the comfort and convenience of our lives. Electronic devices are used in a broad variety of fields nowadays, from aviation to the medical and healthcare sectors.

In actuality, the electrical and computer revolutions are interconnected.

The majority of devices have small electronic circuits that can process information and operate machinery. To put it simply, electronic circuits are what keep different electrical equipment alive. In-depth explanations of the common electronic components used in electronic circuits are provided in this tutorial.

I’ll provide a general review of electrical circuits in this essay. Then I’ll go into more detail about the seven various kinds of components. I’ll go through each type’s makeup, operation, purpose, and importance of each component.


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  • \sDiode 
  • \sTransistor
  • \sInductor 
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Overview of electronic circuits

An electronic circuit is a device that regulates and directs electric current to carry out a variety of tasks, such as data transmission, calculation, and signal amplification. It is made up of a variety electronic parts, including diodes, resistors, transistors, capacitors, inductors, and resistors. The components are linked together via conductive cables or traces. A circuit, however, may only be said to be finished if it forms a loop and begins and finishes at the same location.

Circuit Components in an Electronic

Depending on how it will be used, an electrical circuit’s complexity and the number of components may alter. The simplest circuit, however, just has three components: a conducting route, a voltage source, and a load.

Element 1: Taking the Lead

Through the conducting route, the electric current travels. Even though basic circuits still need copper wires, conductive traces are quickly taking their place. Copper sheets placed onto a non-conductive substrate are what make up conductive traces. They are often used in intricate, tiny circuits like printed circuit boards (PCBs).

Element 2: Source of voltage

Electric current may safely flow through a circuit as its main purpose. The voltage source is therefore the first important component. A battery, generator, or another two-terminal device, such as one of these, provides a potential difference (voltage) between two locations in a circuit so that current may flow through it

3rd element: load

A load is a component of the circuit that uses power to carry out a certain task. The easiest burden is a light bulb. But diverse loads, such as resistors, capacitors, transistors, and transistors, are present in complex circuits.

Facts about Electronic Circuits

An open circuit is a fact.

A circuit must always create a loop, as was previously stated, for electricity to flow through it. However, an open circuit prevents electricity from flowing when one or more electronic components are disconnected, either on purpose (by employing a switch) or unintentionally (broken parts). In other terms, an open circuit is any circuit that does not create a loop.

Closed Circuit Fact 2

A closed circuit is one that continuously creates a loop. As a result, it is a closed circuit’s complete opposite. A closed circuit still exists when a circuit is complete but has no function. A circuit linked to a dead battery, for instance, may not be active, but it is still a closed circuit.

3rd Reality: Short Circuit

A low-resistance connection develops between two points in an electrical circuit when there is a short circuit. As a consequence, instead of flowing in the desired direction, the current tends to go via this just-made link. For instance, the electricity will flow directly through the battery rather than via the circuit if the negative and positive terminals are connected directly.

However, since the current may flow at very high levels, short circuits often result in catastrophic mishaps. Therefore, a short circuit has the potential to harm electrical devices, cause batteries to blow up, and even ignite a fire in commercial or residential structures.

Printed circuit boards (fact 4). (PCBs)

The majority of electrical equipment needs sophisticated electronic circuits. Designers must thus place tiny electronic parts in precise order on a circuit board. It consists of a plastic board with several holes for attaching the components and copper connection rails on one side. A printed circuit board, or PCB, is a plastic board that has the pattern of a circuit board chemically printed onto it.

First part: the capacitor

The construction of several sorts of electrical circuits often uses capacitors. A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that can electrostatically store energy in an electric field. It functions essentially as a tiny rechargeable battery that stores energy. It can, however, charge and discharge in less time than a battery can

Secondly, a resistor

A resistor is a two-terminal passive electronic component distributor that opposes current flow. It is most likely the most basic component in an electrical circuit. Given that resistance is a fundamental component of almost all electrical circuits, it is also one of the most often used parts. Typically, they are color-coded.

Diode, a third component

A diode is a two-terminal component that only permits one direction of electric current passage. Therefore, it is a one-way street or a check valve in the electrical sense. It is often used to convert an AC into a DC (DC). Either a semiconductor (semiconductor diode) or a vacuum tube is used to create it (vacuum tube diode). However, silicon, a semiconductor material, is now used most often in the production of diodes.

Transistor, part four

Transistors have revolutionized the area of electronics and are one of the most important parts of an electronic circuit. This three-terminal, very small semiconductor devices have been produced for more than 50 years. They are often used as switches and amplifiers. They can switch things “on” or “off” without moving, thus you may think of them as relays without any moving components.

5th element: an inductor

A circuit with two terminals has a passive electronic component called an inductor, sometimes referred to as a reactor. It retains energy in its magnetic field and releases it into the circuit as needed. It was found that the magnetic field produced by the first inductor influences the second inductor when they are put side by side without touching. The first transformers were created as a result of this significant discovery.