From the Spinning Wheel to the Digital Age: A Historical Journey of Roulette Games in Casinos

By  //  August 15, 2023

The roulette wheel, with its iconic red and black numbers and the thrilling clatter of the ball, is a centerpiece of the casino experience.

In the dawn of the online casino, let’s look back  the history of roulette games in casinos is a captivating tale that spans centuries and continents, reflecting the evolution of both gambling and entertainment. Let’s take a fascinating journey through time to explore the origins, development, and transformation of roulette games in casinos.

Origins in 17th-Century Europe: The Birth of a Game

The origins of roulette can be traced back to 17th-century France. Blaise Pascal, a renowned mathematician and inventor, is often credited with creating an early form of the roulette wheel while attempting to devise a perpetual motion machine. However, the game as we know it today began to take shape in Parisian casinos around the late 18th century.

The Spread of Roulette: From France to Europe

Roulette quickly gained popularity in European gambling establishments. The distinctive single zero wheel, known as the European or French wheel, became a hallmark of the game. As the game expanded across the continent, it found its way into the heart of gambling hubs like Monte Carlo, where the renowned Casino de Monte-Carlo showcased the elegance and allure of roulette.

American Innovation: The Double Zero Addition

As roulette crossed the Atlantic to the United States, an interesting alteration occurred. American casinos introduced a double zero pocket to the roulette wheel, creating the American version of the game. This small tweak significantly increased the house edge and altered the odds for players. Despite the change, roulette continued to capture the imagination of gamblers on both sides of the ocean.

Golden Age and Adaptations: 19th to 20th Century

The 19th and early 20th centuries marked a period of growth for the casino industry, and roulette played a pivotal role. The game was associated with elegance and sophistication, drawing both nobility and common folk to the casino floors. Hollywood films and literature further romanticized the allure of roulette, cementing its status as a symbol of chance and intrigue.

Transition to the Digital Era: Online Roulette Games

The advent of the internet in the late 20th century brought about a revolutionary change in the gambling landscape. Online casinos began to emerge, offering players the opportunity to enjoy roulette and other casino games from their homes. Online roulette preserved the excitement of the spinning wheel while introducing new conveniences and variations. Players could now experience both European and American versions, along with creative adaptations that pushed the boundaries of traditional gameplay.

Live Dealer Roulette: A Hybrid Experience

As technology advanced, so did the capabilities of online casinos. Live dealer roulette emerged as a bridge between the land-based and online casino experiences. Players could interact with real-life dealers via live streaming, placing bets on a physical roulette wheel in a remote studio. This innovation brought an added layer of authenticity to online roulette games, enhancing the social aspect of the gameplay.


The history of roulette games in casinos is a testament to the enduring appeal of this timeless game. From its humble beginnings in France to its journey across continents, roulette has retained its charm and intrigue over the centuries. The evolution of roulette, from the classic land-based casino setting to the digital realm of online gambling, showcases the resilience of a game that has captured the hearts of gamblers for generations. As technology continues to advance, roulette games are likely to find new ways to captivate and engage players, ensuring that the wheel will keep spinning for years to come.