What Are the Most Common Causes of Sleep Problems? How to Treat Sleeping Disorder

By  //  April 25, 2022

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Insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea can substantially influence your daily life, relationships, academic performance, weight gain, and the risk of developing diabetes and heart disease. It’s possible that not getting enough rest can harm your general well-being.

Causes Sleep Disorder

There are several possible causes of sleep problems, including:

Physical (such as ulcers).

Medical (such as asthma).

Psychiatric (such as depression and anxiety disorders).

Genetic predisposition

Ageing

Certain medications

Pain, depression, and heart disease are all examples of medical problems.

Anxiety and depression are two common types of mood disorders.

Including excessive consumption of caffeine and alcohol

Being overweight or obese

Shift employment, frequent travel, or erratic scheduling can all contribute to mental health.

Sleep disorders treatments

There are a variety of treatments recommended by healthcare providers:

Medications or supplements.

Counselling: Certain sleep specialists have recommended cognitive-behavioural treatment (CBT). Stress-inducing ideas that keep you up at night can be identified, challenged, and changed with the help of such treatment.

Keep a consistent bedtime and wake up at the same time every day.

Exercise regularly.

Minimise noise.

Minimise light.

Make sure you have a comfortable temperature.

Medication

Some of the following medications and supplements may be prescribed by your doctor:

Sleep aids, such as melatonin, zolpidem, zaleplon, eszopiclone, ramelteon, suvorexant, lamborexant, or doxepin, may be beneficial in some cases of insomnia.

Pregabalin, gabapentin enacarbil, and gabapentin can all treat restless legs syndrome.

Modafinil, armodafinil, pitolisant, and solriamfetol are just a few medications that can help treat narcolepsy and keep you awake.

Sleep disorders

The following are examples of common sleep disorders:

Insomnia 

Snoring and sleep apnea

Parasomnias

Sleep paralysis

Restless legs syndrome

■ Periodic limb movements during sleep

Circadian disorders

Narcolepsy

Insomnia

Insomnia is the most frequent form of sleep disorder, affecting 10% of individuals regularly and 30% to 40% of the population occasionally.

It prevents you from getting a good night’s sleep and causes you to be constantly yawning throughout the day.

There are a variety of manifestations of the inability to sleep. It’s possible to have more than one type. People who cannot fall asleep within the first 20 to 30 minutes of lying in bed are said to have difficulty falling asleep. It’s not uncommon for some people to wake up frequently or to wake up hours before their scheduled bedtime and not be able to fall back asleep.

Acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) insomnia are two different types of insomnia (long-term). Chronic insomnia can be diagnosed if you have difficulty sleeping at least three evenings a week for three months or more.

Fatal familial insomnia is an uncommon form of insomnia that, as its name implies, runs in families and can severely affect sleep to the point where it poses a threat to one’s life.

Treatments

You can effectively treat many types of insomnia with the following methods:

Improve one’s sleep hygiene by educating oneself on the subject.

Treatment for insomnia using cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBTI)

Sedative/hypnotic medications, antidepressants, and antihistamines are common short-term sleep aids.

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Snoring and Sleep Apnea

You might think that snoring is innocuous, except that you keep your partner awake at night. You snore because your throat closes as you sleep, causing you to vibrate. Snoring has a more serious cousin—sleep apnea, a long-term and potentially dangerous medical problem if it stops breathing for a few seconds.

Sleep apnea is a condition in which you repeatedly stop breathing for 10 seconds or more while you’re asleep. That causes your blood oxygen levels to plummet, which causes your body to wake you up from deep sleep.

Breathing interruptions, or apneas, can be caused by:

OSA (obstructive sleep apnea) is a breathing disorder caused by a blockage in the upper airway during sleep.

Central sleep apnea (CSA), a dangerous condition caused by brain malfunction, is discussed herein.

Hypertension, heart failure, and diabetes can be exacerbated or caused by sleep apnea. A heart attack or heart failure, a stroke, or even sudden death can result from it over time.

Treatments

Good news! Effective treatments are available. Polysomnography, or a sleep study, is often used to diagnose sleep apnea. 9 Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the primary treatment for OSA (CPAP). Some persons with CSA benefit from CPAP as well.

Other treatments include:

Mouthpieces are dental devices that move the jaw and tongue forward to avoid obstructing the airways.

Preventing you from rolling onto your back while you sleep.

Throat surgery to remove the extra tissue.

Fat loss.

Stomach muscles are stimulated as you sleep with an implanted device.

The root cause of CSA should be addressed as soon as feasible.

Parasomnias

An asleep condition defined by abnormal sleep behaviors or physiological processes that occur throughout specific stages of sleep is known as parasomnia, which is Latin for “around sleep.”

Common forms include: 

Sleep terrors 

Sleepwalking 

Sleep eating 

Sleep sex 

Rapid eye movement (REM) behavior disorder 

However, they aren’t the only sleep behaviors to consider. While you’re asleep, you can engage in different activities.

Treatments

Parasomnias may be caused by a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea. Treating the underlying problem may be effective in this situation.

Treatments that may be used include:

Taking a break from any medicine that may be to blame.

Precautions against sleepwalking include locking or installing alarms on doors and windows.

Counseling and therapy.

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It should be noted that so far, UK CBD oil seems to have a very positive effect in reducing nightmares, sleep-disordered breathing, and other problems that prevent a restful night’s sleep. Of course, it is not a sedative, but it affects the natural process of night rest.

Circadian Rhythm Disorders

Disorders of the circadian rhythm can occur when your internal biological clock is out of sync with external time cues, such as the natural cycle of light and dark at night. Being out of whack can be caused by a variety of things, including:

Suffocation

Jet lag or shifts at work

Aging

Chronic insomnia with an advanced or delayed sleep phase

Insomnia or extreme drowsiness (hypersomnia) may result from the mismatch.

Treatments

A variety of approaches can be used to treat circadian rhythm abnormalities, including the following:

Using a lightbox and timing the exposure correctly.

Melatonin is a sleep aid that can be taken at the right time of day.

Maintaining a consistent sleep-wake cycle.

Narcolepsy

In narcolepsy, the sleep disorder, excessive daytime sleepiness is one of the most common symptoms. It is possible to fall asleep while driving or working, which is risky.

Some of the most common side effects are:

Cataplexy: You may experience cataplexy, characterized by a “sudden loss of muscle tone,” when you are shocked, exhilarated, or overcome by powerful emotions. Your knees may give out or collapse to the ground and be immobile for a few minutes if you’re standing.

Sleep paralysis: When you wake up or fall asleep and find yourself unable to move, this is what you’re experiencing.

Hypnagogic hallucinations: Insomnia-induced hallucinations occur when you struggle to drift off to sleep. They can be scary and include visual, aural, and tactile sensations. It’s as though you’re awake and aware of your surroundings while also dreaming.

Hypocretin, a brain hormone that promotes wakefulness and maintains muscle tone, is thought to be the source of this potentially dangerous and frightening illness. An autoimmune disease, genetics, brain tumors or lesions, or other damage to the brain may be to blame for this loss of ability.

Treatments

Medications for narcolepsy include:

 Medicines that keep you awake during the workday.

Moderate symptoms with antidepressants.

 Anxieties can be alleviated by using Xyrem (sodium oxybate).

Conclusion

Although sleep disorders aren’t always life-threatening, they can significantly impact your mental and physical well-being because they affect you so frequently and so badly. Insomnia and other sleep disorders like narcolepsy and restless legs syndrome keep you from obtaining the rest you need to perform at your peak.

Proper sleep is critical to your overall health and well-being. Maintain proper sleep hygiene and adhere to your doctor’s recommendations. Do not put off seeing your doctor if you are having trouble sleeping.