Top 5 Sports Related Head Injuries
By Space Coast Daily // October 5, 2020
Sports has become incredibly popular over the years. It was always a favorite way to pass the time, whether playing or watching, but it seems to have grown in popularity more recently. With the increase of sports comes an increase in sports-related head injuries. It is important to know the different types of head injuries so you know what to do when someone causes serious head trauma for your child.
Acute Subdural Hematoma
An Acute Subdural Hematoma (ASDHs) are usually an injury that occurs during sports with contact. This happens when an athlete has a hit to the occipital region when thrown to the ground.
About 90 percent of these injuries are associated with football. A blood clot forms between the brain and the dura mater as they begin to separate.
The dura mater is the tough outer covering of the brain. The veins on the surface of the brain stretches and tears. After an injury to the brain that shakes or jolts it, the veins rupture. There are traumatic acute subdural hematoma (SDHs) occurs with cerebral contusions and are some of the most lethal types of head injuries.
Traumatic Cerebrovascular Disease
Cerebrovascular diseases encompass many different disorders that cause an area of the brain to be temporarily or permanently impacted by bleeding. These types of disease include stroke, stenosis, malformations, and aneurysms.
A cerebral aneurysm can result after trauma to the head. This type of aneurysm is when blood vessels in the brain weaken. As a result, the wall of the blood vessel balloons or bulges. These occur most often where the blood vessel branches, which is also called a fork and where the blood vessel is weaker.
Concussions are a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI). They are caused by a blow, jolt, or bump on the head, or when the body is hit. If the body is hit and it causes the brain to move back and forth inside the skull. This kind of motion can make the brain bounce around, or even twist, in the skull. This movement causes chemical changes in the brain.
It can also damage the brain cells. Most of the time concussions are considered mild because they do not threaten your life. Mild concussions are still a serious matter and must be addressed properly. Headache, vomiting, nausea, dizziness, or balance issues are typical symptoms when you have a concussion.
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a type of degeneration that happens when someone suffers from repetitive trauma to the head. This is a rare disorder and most of the time this can be diagnosed during an autopsy.
It is not known how the number of brain injuries combined with the severity of the injuries create the changes in the brain that causes CTE. Often the symptoms of a CTE mimic the symptoms of conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. These can include loss of memory, confusion, changes in personality, attention problems, balance problems, and behavior that seems erratic.
Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when there is an interruption to the normal functionality of the brain. This happens when there is some type of trauma to the head that causes it to be violently shaken. An object can hit the head, or an object can pierce the skull and be inserted into the tissue of the brain.
This damage can be severe, mild, or moderate. Severe cases can result in death, coma, or unconsciousness. Some symptoms include loss of consciousness, loss of memory related to the time right before or directly after the accident.
There could be a weakness of the muscles, speech changes, and decreased or loss in vision. A person could have changes to their mental awareness, which includes thinking slowly, problems concentrating and being disoriented.